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George Craford Awarded by IEEE for Major Contributions to LED Lighting Technology

By Jamie Dempsy on 05/19/2017


Lumileds announced that George Craford, Lumileds Solid State Lighting Fellow will be receiving an award by IEEE; he was selected by the IEEE Edison Medal for his great contributions and achievements in the development and commercialization of LED lightings.


Craford will be awarded on May 25, 2017, during the IEEE Vision, Innovation, and Challenges (IEEE VIC) at the IEEE Honors Ceremony held in San Francisco.

A timeline of Craford’s career – Craford’s career start at the time when LED technology was first introduced. The goal at that time is to deliver this new technology to high brightness and commercial lighting applications such as LED light bulbs.

One of Craford’s remarkable achievement in the industry is the invention of yellow color LED in 1972; with a good start, he later came up with increasingly more intense and brighter red, orange and amber color LEDs.


7 years later, in 1979, Craford start to work at Hewlett-Packard, where he and his team come up with a breakthrough method to produce AlInGaP LEDs using MOCVD (metalorganic chemical vapor deposition). At that time, MOCVD was a rather expensive lower volume process component that has not been use in the commercial large scale production of LEDs. AlInGaP LEDs increased the performance and color quality of red and yellow LEDs by over ten times. With the unceasing passion, Craford and his team continued to achieve technology breakthroughs in the development of AlInGaP LEDs, eventually reaching 100 lm/W, which was one of the elite at that time.


The 2017 IEEE Awards Board Chair Mark Karol said “Not only was George responsible for substantial breakthroughs in technology, but with his team, ensured that the technology could be reliably and cost effectively manufactured,”

We can often see the influence of Craford’s work in our surrounding, the traffic signals around the streets, emergency lighting and automotive lighting are the results of Craford’s earlier achievement in the development of colored LEDs.

In the later part of Craford’s work, he focused on the manufacturing of cost effective white LED lights that can be used on a larger scale in retail, office, architectural, outdoor and industrial applications.


Today, Craford is Lumileds Solid State Lighting Fellow at Lumileds, he is also an IEEE Life Fellow and a member of the National Academy of Engineering. He has received countless awards for his work, including the 2002 National Medal of Technology, the 2015 US National Academy of Engineering Charles Stark Draper Prize, International SSL Alliance Global Solid State Lighting Development Award, the Strategies in Light LED Pioneer Award, the University of Illinois Alumni Distinguished Service Award, the IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Award, the IEEE Third Millennium Medal, the Optical Society of America Nick Holonyak Jr. Award, the International Symposium on Compound Semiconductors Welker Award, the Materials Research Society MRS medal, the Electrochemical Society Electronic Division Award and the Economist Innovation Award.